One of the longest histories of any city is the history of Athens in the world. Athens has been continuously occupied for more than 3,000 years, and it is one of the leading cities of ancient Greece. It was in the first millennium BC. Then, its cultural attainments during the 5th Century BC had laid the foundations for the western civilizations. Its substructure (infrastructure) is the exemplar of the ancient Greek substructure. Let’s look more into “Athens History.” Then, during the Middle Ages, Athens had a decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, plus it was comparatively flourishing during the crusades and benefited from the Italian trade. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens re-emerged in the 19th century. It was the capital of the independent Greek State.
Athens’ Historical Background
In the Neolithic, Athens began its history as a hill-fort on top of the Acropolis (high city), sometime between the 4th and 3rd millennia BC. One of the surrounding plains is commands is the acropolis which is natural defensive position. Then, the settlement of the same was around 20 kilometres inland from the Saronic Gulf, in the centre of the Cephisian Plain, a fertile land surrounded by rivers. To the east will lie Mount Hymettus, and to the north, Mount Pentelicus. Besides that, one of the most pivotal religious sites in ancient Athens was the temple of Athena, which is known today as the Parthenon. This temple stood on top of the Acropolis, where the ruins still remain.
The Best Guide to Athens
Some of the best places that you can visit in Athens is through, the “Athens Guide“. You can visit the Orthodox cathedrals and the horologium. Another monument is the octagonal, 42-foot-high marble Horologium of Andronicus of Cyrrhus. It is also known as the “tower of winds,” because on each side there is a weather-beaten figure of the wind that has a particular compass point. On a cloudy day, it also used to have a sundial, including a water clock for telling the weather. It was unchanged by the Turks, who believed it to be the tomb of two local prophets.
In the last few years, “Santorini“ has accomplished making its presence felt in the tourist industry, becoming one of the most popular destinations worldwide. Some of the pivotal reasons for its popularity is the sui generis sunsets over the caldera and the street views which are scenic and a completely white washed house. Plethora of people choose Santorini for their marriage or for honeymoon destination. Santorini is also famous for the number of churches. There are more than 600 temples of all shapes and sizes in Santorini, for which it is popular. Although most of them are small, it is also believed that there are many churches compared to the residential houses on the island.
Next, you will know about the caldera. Santorini in caldera is one inhabited caldera in the whole world. It is one of the places on earth which is few and where the cave houses and architectures are saved on the volcanic soil. It also has many wineries; in Santorini, nine indigenous grape varieties are developed, including the popular Assyrtiko (the most sought-after Greek wine).